A Diviner is the African variation of the shaman or medicine man. Often a person is being called to become a diviner in a dream or vision and then enters a training with an older diviner to learn the craft. A diviner is in contact with the spirit world and that is where his healing and insight comes from. In modern terms this figure combines the psychotherapist, doctor, priest, psychic medium, philosopher and master of ritual.

In Africa one goes with any spiritual question to the diviner, and also with practical questions such as marriage troubles, finding a new home or a vocation.